Kumana National Park
Kumana is located in the southeast corner of Sri Lanka.The 18,149-hectare national park (aka ‘Yala East’) is a well-known bird sanctuary where a multitude of birds can be spotted.One of the most significant features of the park is the ‘KumanaVillu’ – a 200-hectare natural swamp lake, fed by the ‘KumbukkanOya’ through a half mile long narrow channel.It is at this mangrove swamp that many water birds nest in May and June.
Almost half of Sri Lanka’s bird species are found here and it serves as a feeding and resting ground for more than 35 species of migratory aquatic bird species. Regular sightings include Pelicans, Painted Storks, Spoonbills, White Ibis, Herons, Egrets and Little Cormorants.
The very rare black-necked stork has also been spotted at the swamp. Besides the prolific birdlife, Kumana is also home to some of the mammals found in the larger Yala National Park (west) such as elephants and leopards. The vegetation in Kumana consists mainly of mangrove trees, kumbuk trees and the karan fern, as well as the open marsh area.